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Which Type Of Adoption Is The Best For You

Adoption is a wonderful way to add to your family. There are many different kinds of adoption, so there’s sure to be one that works for your family situation. You may not even realize that there are many different types that you can access. Each adoption method has different qualities – some that will fit your needs and some that won’t.

But first, a bit of good news. If your exposure to adoption law comes from the Lifetime movie of the week, the notion of a adoptive mother “changing her mind” after the adoption is complete is a bit of a myth. Once the process is over, the adoptive parents are the parents – there are no do-overs. Many of these erroneous ideas cause prospective adoptive parents to choose what’s termed a “closed” adoption, where the biological parent doesn’t know the identity of the adoptive parents. In this situation, there’s a notion that this provides an added level of protection.

However, the protection that current adoption laws give is nearly all inclusive, so much so that “closed adoptions” are no longer the norm in the US. But if a closed adoption will give you an added level of security, give serious consideration to international adoptions, where they’re the norm. Know that in many countries, children are given up to orphanages and finding information about the biological parents is impossible – no matter how much you’d like to know. If that kind of information is vital to you, steer away from international adoptions.

Today, in the US, the standard is an “open adoption,” which is defined as both the birth parents and the adoptive family have full contact – not only before the adoption, but even before the child is born. This can include any level of contact, including phone calls and even face to face visits. In some cases, there may even be an exchange of contact information and an agreement to visits by the birth parents as the child grows up. There is a great deal of variation in these kinds of adoptions – you’ll likely experience some level of this with a domestic adoption.

Between these two extremes are adoptions called “semi-closed.” While basic information, like first names and state of residency may be given, complete contact information, like phone numbers or addresses, is withheld. There may be some phone contact arranged before birth, but that varies from case to case and may be avoided altogether. Once the adoption is over, there may be contact with cards and letters, but that will all be handled by a third party, like the adoption agency.

In rare incidents, a semi-open adoption may be available in an international adoption, but that isn’t to be expected. In many countries, there’s a social stigma associated with placing a child up for adoption, which makes the birth parent prefer to remain anonymous.

These are the three most common patterns of adoption, although the details of a specific adoption can vary greatly depending on the terms of the final negotiations.

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