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How to Perform Infant CPR and First Aid

Learning to perform first aid on infants is very important for expectant parents Ė however, many caregivers or babysitters should also learn these life saving techniques as well. Learning infant CPR and first aid is similar in some ways to adult CPR, but there are distinct differences you need to know. Whatever your reasons for learning this technique, check out the following steps and tips on performing infant CPR and first aid.

When Should CPR or First Aid for Choking Be Performed?

The first step in administering care is to assess the situation. First look to see if your child is breathing or choking. If so, this isnít the time to administer CPR or first aid. If the baby is coughing, let them continue, as coughing will actually do more to dislodge a foreign object than anything you can do. Next, youíll want to open the mouth and look inside to see if thereís a foreign object trapped in the babyís throat. If so, you donít want to stick your fingers inside and push the object further down. If your baby is unable to breath or cough, you need to begin chest compressions or back blows.

Call the Authorities

During this time, you need to have someone call 911 for help. If youíre alone take thirty seconds to quickly make the call and inform them of the situation. If you have speaker phone available, use it so you can continue helping your baby.

Begin the Process to Dislodge a Foreign Object

If your baby has stopped breathing or coughing, itís time to try and dislodge the object. Youíll do this with chest compressions and back blows. Place the baby face down on your lap facing away from you. Place one arm under the child for support, while using the other hand to tap the center of the childís back with your hand. Make sure the babyís head is lower than its chest. Complete five blows, then flip the child over to administer chest compressions. Give five chest compressions by pushing down with a few fingers between the babyís nipples. Continue the steps completing five of each until the object is dislodged or your child becomes unconscious.

Complete Full CPR

If your baby becomes unconscious, the first step is to open the airway, if possible. Tilt the babyís head back until air can easily flow through the throat. Check to see if the child is breathing by placing your cheek near the babyís mouth. If the baby is now breathing, wait for paramedics to arrive. If not, youíll need to begin administering breaths. Start by giving two breaths and checking to see if the babyís chest rises. If so, move on to giving 30 chest compressions. If the chest does not rise, you need to continue with back blows and chest compressions until the breaths will pass through. Youíll want to continue each step until the object is dislodged and the baby begins breathing again, or help arrives.

While these are basic instructions for completing CPR and first aid for choking, itís best to complete a certified class to learn and practice each technique so that youíll be able to help your baby in the event of an emergency.

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