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Understanding Menstrual Cycle For Menstruation Care

Menstruation care becomes easy if you understand your menstrual cycle. You can handle the symptoms in a better way and keep a tab on your fertility.

The Role Of FSH For Menstruation Care

In most women, menstrual cycle varies between 27 and 32 days. Your menstruation care begins on the very first day of your period, which is regarded as the first day of your month-long menstrual cycle. At this time, you ovaries are less active. The part of the brain called hypothalamus detects the low level of estrogen and sends a signal to the pituitary gland. It leads to the secretion of hormone called Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) into your blood that activates the ovaries to mature an egg.

During each menstrual cycle, the ovaries mature 8-15 eggs. Out of them, only one egg, which matures the fastest, is released during ovulation. The rest of them do not mature completely and wither away.

Interesting Facts About Eggs!

There are about 1-2 million eggs in the ovaries of a newly born baby. However, by puberty, this number reduces to about 300,000 to 400,000. There is greater risk of genetic disorder in babies who are born to moms of age 35 for the fact that all the eggs are found from birth. The eggs have a prolonged time during which they may have potentially damaged their DNA.

Scientists have calculated that just one per cent of the total eggs ovulate throughout the life of a woman.

The Role Of LH For Menstruation Care

When the egg matures, which consumes the first two weeks of the menstrual cycle, there is a mix of hormones secreted into your blood. This hormone mix signals your pituitary gland to bring a sudden release of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) in large amounts.

The gush of LH triggers ovulation. It takes about 24-48 hours for the follicle to release the egg into the fallopian tubes. Ovulation takes place in the mid of the cycle - about 14 days before the next period. There are greater chances of fertilization of the egg by sperm at this time.

If Fertilization Occurs.

After the release of egg, the empty egg sac, which is known as corpus luteum, releases a pregnancy hormone called Human Chorionic Gonadortopin. It preserves the egg sac for a longer duration.

If Fertilization Does Not Occur.

Before ovulation, when the egg is maturing, the lining of the uterus thickens and is nourished by the hormone estrogen. After several days of ovulation, the cells of corpus luteum release progesterone before withering away. The hormone progesterone brings a change in the thickened lining of the uterus to prepare it to shed. This is what comes out during your period.

When the corpus luteum withers and progesterone level stoops low, the cycle begins again. Once again, your ovaries get less active and once again the hypothalamus detects the low level of estrogen. Thus, a new cycle begins..

And this goes on again and again. isn't this a remarkable series of events taking place in your body? Well, menstruation care was never so intriguing!